option

option
The right to buy or sell a fixed quantity of a commodity, currency, security, etc. , at a particular date at a particular price (the exercise price). Unlike futures, the purchaser of an option is not obliged to buy or sell at the exercise price and will only do so if it is profitable; the purchaser may allow the option to lapse, in which case only the initial purchase price of the option (the option money or premium) is lost. An option to buy is known as a call option and is usually purchased in the expectation of a rising price; an option to sell is called a put option and is bought in the expectation of a falling price or to protect a profit on an investment. Options, like futures, allow individuals and firms to hedge against the risk of wide fluctuations in prices; they also allow dealers and speculators to gamble for large profits with limited initial payments. Professional traders in options make use of a large range of potential strategies, often purchasing combinations of options that reflect particular expectations or cover several contingencies. A traded option is one that can be bought or sold on an exchange at any time, as opposed to a traditional option, which once bought cannot be resold. There is a further distinction between European options, in which the buyer can only exercise the right to take up the option or let it lapse on the expiry date, and American options, in which this right can be exercised at any time up to the expiry date. American options are generally worth more than European options because the option holder has more chance of buying or selling at a favourable price. American options are also more difficult to value. See also real option

Big dictionary of business and management. 2014.

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  • Option — Option …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • option — op·tion 1 / äp shən/ n 1: the power or right to choose; also: a choice made or available 2: a privilege of demanding fulfillment of a contract on any day within a specified time 3: a contract conveying in exchange for the payment of a premium a… …   Law dictionary

  • option — [ ɔpsjɔ̃ ] n. f. • v. 1190; lat. optio 1 ♦ Faculté, action d opter. ⇒ choix. « La nécessité de l option me fut toujours intolérable » (A. Gide). « Ou pendus, ou noyés, nous n avions pas d autre option » (Hugo). ⇒ 1. alternative. Matières, textes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Option — Op tion, n. [L. optio; akin to optare to choose, wish, optimus best, and perh. to E. apt: cf. F. option.] 1. The power of choosing; the right of choice or election; an alternative. [1913 Webster] There is an option left to the United States of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Option — may refer to Contents 1 Legal rights 2 Sport 3 Computing 4 Publications 5 History …   Wikipedia

  • Option N.V. — Option N.V. Industry Telecommunications, Wireless technology Founded Leuven, Belgium (1986) Headquarters Leuven, Belgium Key people Jan Callewaert, Founder in 1986 current CEO …   Wikipedia

  • Option 30 — Studio album by Option 30 Released 1997 Recorded 1983 1984 Genre New Wave …   Wikipedia

  • Option — (lat. optio „freier Wille“) bezeichnet eine Wahlmöglichkeit, siehe Alternative in der Wirtschaft ein Kauf bzw. Verkaufsrecht, siehe Option (Wirtschaft) in der Informatik eine Einstellung oder Parameter, siehe Parameter (Informatik) ein nach… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Option — Sf Möglichkeit, Vorkaufsrecht per. Wortschatz fach. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. optio ( ōnis) freier Wille, freie Wahl, Belieben .    Ebenso nndl. optie, ne. option, nfrz. option, nschw. option, nnorw. opsjon; adoptieren. lateinisch l …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • option — Option. s. f. v. Pouvoir, faculté d opter. Cela est, cela n est pas à vostre option. je laisse cela à vostre option. je vous donne l option de ces deux choses là …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • option — [äp′shən] n. [Fr < L optio < optare, to wish, desire, ult. < IE * op , to choose, prefer] 1. the act of choosing; choice 2. the power, right, or liberty of choosing 3. a) something that is or can be chosen; choice b) an optional item… …   English World dictionary

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